Roman London

Discover London’s Roman history with our guide to the capital’s historic Roman sites, themed guided walks and fascinating museum displays.

In the year AD 43, following an invasion led by the Roman Emperor Claudius, the Romans founded the town of Londinium (the Roman name for London). Visit London’s Roman baths, amphitheatre, temple and the Roman wall in the City of London, which is located on the original site of the Roman town, and learn more about London’s Roman heritage with history tours and activities throughout the capital.

London’s Roman Amphitheatre

Travel back in time and step into London’s Roman Amphitheatre, whose remains were only discovered in 1988. See the ruins at the Guildhall Art Gallery, and imagine what it was like to watch bloody animal fights and executions of criminals among an audience of 7,000 people. Read more

Billingsgate Roman House and Baths

Experience ancient Roman life in the City of London on a one-hour guided tour of the Billingsgate Roman House and Baths. Discovered in 1848, this fascinating archaeological site features the remains of a Roman bathhouse, hidden beneath office buildings on Lower Thames Street. Read more

Roads to Rome Self-Guided Walk

Explore some of the most historically rich streets in London on an exciting self-guided tour with Roads to Rome. Collect your free itinerary from the City of London Information Centre near St Paul’s Cathedral, and embark on a two-hour walk through stunning Roman sights. You can also download the map and itinerary as a PDF [2.75 MB].

London Mithraeum

Venture 7m (23ft) below modern street level, to discover the soon-to-be-opened London Mithraeum. The temple was found in the 1950s during the excavation of a World War II bomb site. Learn about the temple and the mysterious Roman god Mithras through an interactive display, and be amazed by more than 600 Roman artefacts discovered by archaeologists during the construction of Bloomberg’s new European headquarters. Read more

Roman London at Museum of London

Learn about the Romans’ legacy in the capital with Roman London, the fun and interactive permanent exhibition at the Museum of London. Highlights of the display include a model of Londinium Bridge (an ancestor of modern London Bridge), and the Londiniensi Inscription, the first written record to use the word “Londoner”. Read more

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Leadenhall Market

Discover the Roman past of the beautiful covered Victorian market in the City of London. The grade II-listed Leadenhall Market is actually built on the site of what was the centre of Roman London. The area once contained a forum and basilica – a huge building bigger than St Paul’s Cathedral. Find the remains of one of the basilica's arches inside the basement of a barber shop in the market. Read more

Romans in Britain at British Museum

Find hundreds of artefacts from the Roman era at the British Museum’s Romans in Britain collection. Browse ancient relics from the city of Pompeii, as well as impressive mosaics from the former centre of Roman London, on which Leadenhall Market now stands. Read more

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Roman Fort Gate Tours at Museum of London

Discover the history of the Romans’ military presence in ancient Londinium with a guided tour of the remains of the western gate of the city’s fort. Explore the ruins and get an insight into London’s past under the guidance of Museum of London’s experts. Read more 

The London Wall

Look for fragments of the defensive wall the Romans built around Londinium in a small garden to the southeast of Tower Hill underground station. The structure was once two-and-a-half miles long (4km) and defined the boundaries of the City for a millennium. Nearby, you’ll see a modern statue of a Roman emperor – he is actually a combination of two emperors, as he has the head of Trajan with the body of Augustus. Read more

St Magnus the Martyr

Pay a visit to St Magnus the Martyr church to find a piece of Roman timber displayed in the outside porch. This relic is thought to be from the old Roman bridge which stood on the site of modern London Bridge. Other research suggests it could also be one of the Roman wharves which lie beneath the church. Read more 

Roman Season by the Royal Shakespeare Company

Watch performances of William Shakespeare’s famously bloody Roman histories including Titus Andronicus, Coriolanus and Julius Caesar as part of the RSC’s (Royal Shakespeare Company) Roman season, in various theatres across London. Read more

Former Roman Temple in Greenwich Park

A Roman building, believed to have been a Romano-Celtic temple, once stood on a mound in Greenwich Park. Several excavations since 1902 have revealed a marble tablet, coins and pottery that are characteristic of the time. Find the spot where the temple stood on a self-guided walk around historic buildings and monuments in Greenwich Park. Read more

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