No visit to London is complete without checking out its fantastic selection of museums and galleries. Here are 51 of the best (in no particular order), from big hitters to quirkier specialist museums.
1. British Museum
2. Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A)
Be dazzled by the eclectic art and design on offer at the Victoria and Albert Museum. Its vast collections include everything from ceramics and fashion to wallpapers and jewellery, spanning 5,000 years.
Where: South Kensington (Cromwell Road, SW7 2RL)
3. Imperial War Museum London
Discover the realities of modern wartime history at IWM London, from the First World War to the present day. Its permanent displays include Peace and Security, The Holocaust Exhibition and the First World War Galleries.
Where: Elephant and Castle (Lambeth Rd, SE1 6HZ)
4. Natural History Museum
Explore our planet's living wonders at the Natural History Museum. Inside the striking building, favourites include the Dinosaurs gallery, the blue whale model and the state-of-the-art Darwin Centre, where you can see hundreds of specimens as well as scientists at work.
Where: South Kensington (Cromwell Road, SW7 5BD)
5. Science Museum
Get hands-on at the Science Museum's interactive galleries and simulators. Trace the journey of scientific breakthroughs, then visit the in-house IMAX 3D cinema and take a trip deep underwater or zoom high up into space.
Where: South Kensington (Exhibition Road, SW7 2DD)
6. Tate Modern
Don't miss Tate Modern, the iconic power-station-turned-art-gallery, which houses modern and contemporary art from round the world. See the latest installation in the massive Turbine Hall and admire works by Picasso, Bourgeois, Warhol, Rothko and more.
Where: Bankside (Bankside, SE1 9TG)
7. National Gallery
See masterful works by Botticelli, Rembrandt, Turner, Renoir and Van Gogh, just some of the artists showcased at the National Gallery. With more than 2,000 paintings from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, the place is a veritable treasure trove.
Where: Trafalgar Square (Trafalgar Square, WC2N 5DN)
8. National Portrait Gallery
Delve into the world of portraiture at the National Portrait Gallery, home to more than 215,000 works, including portraits, sculptures, caricatures and prints. Discover those who have helped shape British history and culture, from kings and queens to iconic artists and film stars.
Where: Trafalgar Square (St Martin's Place, WC2H 0HE)
9. Royal Academy of Arts
Visit the Royal Academy of Arts, the oldest fine arts institution in Britain, founded in 1768. As well as giving a public platform to artists through the annual Summer Exhibition, it hosts a world-class programme of international exhibitions.
Where: Piccadilly (Burlington House, W1J 0BD)
10. London Transport Museum
Discover how public transport played a part in the development of London with a visit to the London Transport Museum. See the original artwork for Harry Beck’s Underground map, the world’s first Underground steam engine, old London Routemaster buses and more. Book London Transport Museum tickets
Where: Covent Garden (The Piazza, WC2E 7BB)
11. Cutty Sark
Take the ship's wheel, meet the crew and explore beneath the hull of Cutty Sark, the world's oldest surviving tea clipper. You'll uncover plenty of seafaring shenanigans and discover how the ship became the fastest of its kind during your time on board this Greenwich attraction. Book Cutty Sark tickets
Where: Greenwich (King William Walk, SE10 9HT)
12. Tate Britain
Take a tour of the best in British art at Tate Britain, sister gallery to Tate Modern. Discover masterpieces from 1500 to the present day, by the likes of Hockney, Bacon, Turner, Riley, Lowry and Moore.
Where: Millbank (Millbank, SW1P 4RG)
13. Museum of London Docklands
The Museum of London Docklands houses all manner of objects charting London’s history as a port. Exhibits found within this 200-year-old warehouse include Sailortown, recreating what life was like in 19th-century London; and London, Sugar & Slavery, about the capital’s role in the transatlantic slave trade.
Where: Canary Wharf (No. 1 West India Quay, E14 4AL)
14. Bank of England Museum
Uncover the history of the Bank of England from its beginnings in 1694 to the present day at the Bank of England Museum. Get your hands on a real gold bar and capture the moment with a selfie in the Bank's 'gold corridor'.
Where: Bank (Bartholomew Ln, EC2R 8AH)
15. The Twist Museum
Test your senses and immerse yourself in a world of unique, interactive and multi-sensory experiences at
16. Young V&A
Spend a day at East London’s Young V&A, a favourite with children and young people looking to discover their inner artist. Get hands-on with interactive displays and workshops, then take to the amphitheatre-style stage to show off performance skills.
Where: Bethnal Green (Cambridge Heath Rd, E2 9PA)
17. Royal Observatory Greenwich
Marvel at space and time with Royal Observatory Greenwich's many attractions. Must-dos include straddling the Meridian Line, seeing a planetarium show and learning how a self-taught clockmaker made waves by solving the problem of longitude at sea. Book Royal Observatory Greenwich tickets
Where: Greenwich (Greenwich Park, SE10 9NF)
18. Clink Prison Museum
Serve your time at the Clink Prison Museum, a recreated medieval prison located on the site of the original Clink. Discover the history of the gaol and its rowdy neighbourhood, and find out what it was like to be an inmate at one of England’s most notorious prisons. Book the Clink Prison Museum tickets
Where: Bankside (1 Clink Street, SE1 9DG)
19. Wellcome Collection
Explore what it means to be human through science, medicine and psychology at the Wellcome Collection. Highlights include Darwin’s walking stick and Napoleon’s toothbrush. Look out for the schedule of thought-provoking talks and temporary exhibitions too.
Where: Euston (183 Euston Rd, NW1 2BE)
20. Household Cavalry Museum
Located right at Horse Guards, the Household Cavalry Museum celebrates the history and people of this renowned regiment, founded in 1661. Take a closer look at sharp uniforms, see troopers preparing their horses, and try on helmets and pieces of armour. Book Household Cavalry Museum tickets
Where: Westminster (Horse Guards, SW1A 2AX)
21. National Maritime Museum
Chart Britain’s rich naval history at the National Maritime Museum, from sea battles to voyages into the unknown. Among the museum's free galleries, you can explore Polar Worlds, go on Pacific Encounters, see Turner's Battle of Trafalgar Gallery, and find unique exhibits such as the uniform Nelson was wearing at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Where: Greenwich (Romney Rd, SE10 9NF)
22. British Library
See literary treasures, from Magna Carta to Shakespeare's First Folio and Leonardo da Vinci’s notebook, in a permanent, free exhibition at the British Library. The UK’s national library also has a programme of world-class temporary exhibitions.
(96 Euston Rd, NW1 2DB)
23. Barbican Art Gallery
Located within the Barbican performing arts centre, the Barbican Art Gallery showcases photography, fine art and design in a rolling programme of exhibitions. While you’re there, don't forget to check out The Curve, a free exhibition space.
Where: Barbican (Barbican Centre, EC2Y 8DS)
24. Design Museum
Experience the world of contemporary design at the sleek, modern Design Museum. Its exhibitions feature fashion, graphics, architecture and more, while its line-up of talks and events complements the stunning visual displays.
Where: Kensington (224-238 Kensington High St, W8 6AG)
25. Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum
Go behind the scenes at Wimbledon, the home of tennis in the UK. Take a tour of the famous grounds and learn about the players who found fame there. Sports fans should also check out London’s other sports museums.
Where: Wimbledon (Church Rd, SW19 5AE)
25. Viktor Wynd Museum of Curiosities
Ever shared a drink with a lion? No? Well, now's your chance. Join Leonora, the full-sized taxidermy lioness, for a drink from the absinthe-inspired cocktail list at The Last Tuesday Society. Then, venture downstairs to Viktor Wynd's Museum of Curiosities to discover more strange, shocking and sometimes macabre collections.
Where: Hackney (11 Mare St, E8 4RP)
27. Charles Dickens Museum
See the building where the great writer himself lived from 1837 to 1839. The Charles Dickens Museum spotlights the real life of a man best known for his fiction. Carefully restored rooms showcase the museum’s collection of letters, pictures and books, as well as temporary exhibitions.
Where: King’s Cross (48-49 Doughty St, WC1N 2LX)
28. Jewish Museum
Discover London’s rich Jewish culture, heritage and identity at the Camden-based Jewish Museum. Temporary exhibitions sit alongside permanent galleries on the Holocaust, Jewish ceremonial art and the history of Jewish life in Britain.
Where: Camden (Raymond Burton House, NW1 7NB)
29. Foundling Museum
Witness the touching story of the Foundling Hospital, the first home for abandoned babies in London, at the Foundling Museum. Alongside the children's scant belongings are tokens left by their mothers, plus artworks by the likes of Hogarth and Reynolds.
Where: Camden (40 Brunswick Square, WC1N 1AZ)
30. The Wallace Collection
Enjoy the delights of the Wallace Collection, a historic London townhouse whose 28 elaborate rooms are decorated with outstanding art. Visit the armories, see paintings by Titian, Hals and Velázquez, and admire 18th-century French treasures – some once owned by Queen Marie-Antoinette.
Where: Marylebone (Hertford House, W1U 3BN)
31. Freud Museum
Step into Sigmund Freud's study and see his famous couch at the Freud Museum, located in the former home of the famous psychoanalyst. Discover his journey from Nazi-occupied Vienna to London, and muse on the inner workings of the mind.
Where: Camden (20 Maresfield Gardens, NW3 5SX)
32. Sir John Soane's Museum
Explore Sir John Soane's Museum, the architect of the Bank of England's former home. The house, untouched for almost 180 years, contains some 30,000 architectural drawings, as well as antiquities, artworks by Hogarth and Turner, and the sarcophagus of King Seti I.
(13 Lincoln's Inn Fields, WC2A 3BP)
33. London Canal Museum
Step back in time to the days when London’s canals were bustling with traders, boat dwellers and cargo – and its streets full of the clip-clop of horses pulling the boats and carts. Located in a former ice warehouse, the London Canal Museum even has a preserved ice well inside.
Where: King’s Cross (12/13 New Wharf Rd, N1 9RT)
34. Fashion and Textile Museum
A pioneering centre of contemporary fashion, textiles and jewellery, the Fashion and Textile Museum was founded by colourful British design legend Zandra Rhodes. As well as permanent and temporary exhibitions, it runs courses for creatives.
Where: Bermondsey (83 Bermondsey St, SE1 3XF)
35. Garden Museum
Take a tranquil moment to celebrate British gardens and gardening at the riverside Garden Museum. Explore its temporary exhibitions before venturing into the garden to see the words and pictures come to life.
Where: Waterloo (5 Lambeth Place Rd, SE1 7LB)
36. Royal Air Force Museum
Fly back in time and discover the history of aviation at the Royal Air Force Museum. Learn about the earliest balloon flight, see the impressive collection of more than 100 aircraft and test your pilot skills in a 4D flying experience.
(Grahame Park Way, NW9 5LL)
37. Horniman Museum and Gardens
Spend a day at south London's popular Horniman Museum and Gardens, a favourite with children and fans of natural history and anthropology. Visit the famous stuffed walrus, see the aquarium, play in the park and enjoy events for all the family.
(100 London Rd, SE23 3PQ)
38. Guildhall Art Gallery
Not only is the Guildhall Art Gallery a treasure trove of paintings spanning five centuries, but it also has a secret. During its renovation in 1985, developers discovered an underground Roman amphitheatre, where gladiators and wild animals once prowled and which you can now visit.
(Guildhall Yard, EC2V 5AE)
39. Museum of Brands
40. Sherlock Holmes Museum
Venture into the home of the famous fictional detective at the Sherlock Holmes Museum at 221B Baker Street. Inside his apartment, life-size waxworks recreate breakthrough moments in the place where he solved many of his baffling cases.
Where: Westminster (221b Baker St, NW1 6XE)
41. Hayward Gallery
The brutalist-style Hayward Gallery is known for showcasing the work of innovative and experimental artists from around the world. It also brings art into the open by placing installations outdoors or in other corners of the Southbank Centre.
Where: Southbank (Southbank Centre, SE1 8XX)
42. Fan Museum
As any enthusiast of period dramas know, fans have all kinds of uses, from cooling to gossiping. Discover more about their history and see stunning examples from the 18th and 19th centuries inside the beautiful environs of the Fan Museum in Greenwich.
Where: Greenwich (12 Crooms Hill, SE10 8ER)
43. Dulwich Picture Gallery
See one of the country’s most superb collections of Old Masters at the Dulwich Picture Gallery in picturesque Dulwich Park. Look out for pieces by Rembrandt, Gainsborough and Canaletto, then enjoy a meal in the cafe.
Where: Dulwich (Gallery Rd, SE21 7AD)
44. Saatchi Gallery
Discover new artists from around the globe at the Saatchi Gallery. This influential contemporary gallery in Chelsea, founded by art collector Charles Saatchi, is best known as a springboard for new talent.
Where: King’s Road (King’s Rd, SW3 4RY)
45. The Postal Museum
Encounter the exciting history of Royal Mail and the postal service at the Postal Museum. For an extra thrill, take a ride on the Mail Rail, the subterranean train that ran from Whitechapel to Paddington and kept London’s communications flowing for more than 75 years.
Where: Clerkenwell (15-20 Phoenix Pl, WC1X 0DA)
46. White Cube Bermondsey
See the latest works from world-famous artists at White Cube Bermondsey. It was founded by Jay Jopling, the trendsetting gallerist who represents Tracey Emin, Mona Hatoum and Damien Hirst among others. The space at London Bridge is complemented by its sister gallery, White Cube Mason's Yard in St James's.
Where: Bermondsey (144-152 Bermondsey St, SE1 3TQ)
47. Whitechapel Art Gallery
Experience a real artists' hub at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, which houses historical archives, art courses, a bookshop and a cafe. The east London gallery has long championed modern and contemporary artists, from Kahlo and Picasso to Pollock and Rothko.
Where: Whitechapel (77-82 Whitechapel High St, E1 7QX)
48. The Photographers' Gallery
Explore the latest in contemporary photography through the lens of The Photographers' Gallery. Britain's leading centre features work from new and established photographers, a shop selling prints, plus talks and events.
Where: Soho (16-18 Ramillies St, W1F 7LW)
49. Keats House
Delve into the world of English Romantic poet John Keats at Keats House, the Grade I-listed building and garden where he once lived. The museum features paintings, prints and other objects belonging to him and his peers.
Where: Hampstead (10 Keats Grove, NW3 2RR)
50. National Army Museum
Find out about the history of the armed forces at the National Army Museum. Relive the heritage of the army from the English Civil War to the modern day, through a showcase of thousands of historical objects.
(Royal Hospital Rd, SW3 4HT)
51. South London Gallery
Where: Camberwell (65 Peckham Rd, SE5 8UH)
For more inspiration, check out our lists of London's free museums and the best art galleries, or find out more about London's art scene and museums, including best gallery and museum lates in the city.