Young Artists' Series, Sunday at St John's Bukolika Piano Trio Roma Tic violin Joanna Gutowska cello Anna Szalucka piano Piotr Dec clarinet Boulanger D'un matin de printemps Boulanger D'un soir triste Bridge Piano Trio No. 2 H178 Messiaen Quartet for the End of Time Join the Bukolika Piano Trio for this special concert celebrating three great French composers: the 100th death anniversary of Nadia Boulanger and Claude Debussy as well as Olivier Messiaen's 110th Birthday. One of the latest works of Boulanger meets Debussy's youthful piano trio concluding with Messaien's most exquisite work, Quartet pur la fin du temps. Died at the age of only 25, Lili Boulanger (the younger sister of Nadia Boulanger) became the first woman to win the prestigious Prix du Rome composition prize in 1913. D'un matin de printemps ('Of a spring morning') and its companion D'un soir triste ('Of a sad evening') were the last compositions which Lili wrote with her own hand. Suffering from the Crohn's disease that took her life so prematurely, she undoubtedly felt the inevitable death that is so strongly conveyed through melancholy of these works. Premiered in 1915, Ravel's Piano Trio in A minor was composed in 1914 in the French Basque commune of Saint-Jean-de-Luz. Naturally, the work appears to be inspired by Basque dance, notably the zortziko rhythm which is most obvious in the opening theme of the first movement. Olivier Messiaen was 31 years old when France entered World War II. He was captured by the German army in June 1940 and imprisoned in Stalag VIII-A, a prisoner-of-war camp in Gorlitz, Germany (now Zgorzelec, Poland). While kept in the camp he met three other professional musicians for whom he decided to compose a short quartet. Inpired by text from the Book of Revelation he eventually created a large, eight-movement work that truly is one of the greatest works ever written. It was premiered at the camp, outdoors and in the rain, with a help of a sympathetic guard Carl-Albert Brull. Messiaen later recalled: "Never again was I listened to with such rapt attention and comprehension."